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Secrétariat aux affaires autochtones

Algonquian

Close to 5,500 Algonquins live in nine communities situated in the Outaouais and Abitibi-Témiscamingue regions, while more than 4,000 live elsewhere in Québec. The language commonly used is English in six communities and French in the other three.  However, Algonquin is a language that is still very much alive, being spoken by many people.

Up until the turn of the 20th century, the majority of Algonquins retained their ancestral religious practices and a nomadic way of life revolving around hunting, fishing, trapping and gathering. Afterwards, they increasingly began to settle down, in particular after the Abitibi region was opened to colonization. Several reserves were established from 1940 to 1974.

Nowadays, economic activities revolve around logging, tourism, handicrafts and government services, which the Algonquins generally administer themselves.

A band council, chosen by the members, heads each community. Since 1992, two organizations have been dedicated to defending the common interests of the Algonquins. They are the Tribal Council of the Anishinabeg Algonquin Nation and the Secretariat of the Algonquin Nation.

In 1991, the Algonquins of Lac-Rapide signed a one-of-a-kind agreement with the governments of Québec and Canada seeking to prepare a plan for the integrated development of renewable resources - forest and wildlife in the region of Réserve faunique La Vérendrye. In 1998, a bilateral agreement was signed between the Barrier Lake Algonquins and Québec, by virtue of which the parties agreed to complete the work begun in 1991 and to reach new agreements to improve the well-being of the community.

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Secrétariat aux affaires autochtones
905, avenue Honoré-Mercier, 1er étage - Québec (Qc)  G1R 5M6 - 418 643-3166
Last update: May 19, 2009
Online as of: November 11, 2004